Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the execution of a person by the state as punishment for a crime. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. The term capital origins from Latin capitalis, literally “regarding the head” (Latin caput). Hence, a capital crime originally was to be punished by the loss of the head.

from wikipedia


What really fascinated me was that “regarding the head” in Latin is caput. So, if we say, some one has gone “kaput” what does that actually mean?